Archeological Complex Perperikon

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Monument of national importance

Location - It is located 15 km northeast of Kardzhali, next to "Gorna Krepost" village (Upper Fortress).

Access to site - Visitors may reach it by car from the Stremtsi village (north of Kardzhali) or from Shiroko Pole (east of Kardzhali). There is a markec hiking trail from Bolyartsi village that leads directly to the Tower of Perperikon.

Description of site - Perperikon is located on a high peak in an area known locally as Gin Tepesi (The Mountain of the Spirits). Dating from the time of the Roman Empire, archaeolosts have uncovered a giant multi-story palace and an imposing fortress built around the hill, with walls as thick as 2.8 m. Temples and quarters of residential buildings were also constructed in the fortress. The mgalithic complex had been laid in ruins and rearected many times in history.

The earliest traces of human activity are from the late Stone-Copper Age (Chalcolithic) at the end of the fourth century BC, when people began to worship and bring gifts to the Rock (so-called megalithic culture). Some of the unique items that have been found, such as fregments of cult tables, were made of clay. Parts of idols, a and bowl in the form of a partidge, were also among the finds. Apparently, hallucinatory drugs for the priests were stored in bowls such as this. From the Chalcolithic period, there are several great knives formed out of flint, one of which is 20 cm long. Experts say this material can only be found in modern northeastern Bulgaria, where it was introduced as an expensive commodity. It may have been exchanged for gold nuggest, in which the Eastern Rhodopes are rich.

The development of the rock complex continued during the Bronze and Iron Age. There is solid evidence it was during the Lat Bronze Age(16th - 11th century BC) when Perperikon experiencesd its first big boom. This is the era of the Crete-Mycenaean civilization